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This website uses both its and third parties cookies, to provide visitors a better browsing experience and services adapted to the needs and interests of each.

Under Directive "e-Privacy" of the EU, effective from May 26, 2012 and Law no. 506 of  November 17, 2004 concerning the processing of personal data and privacy in the electronic communications sector, all website visitors are asked consent before transmitting cookies in their computers.
 

What is a "cookie"?

An "Internet Cookie" (a term known as "browser cookie", "HTTP cookie" or simply "cookie") is a small file consisting of letters and numbers that will be stored on your computer, or other equipment on which a user accesses the Internet. The cookie is installed by request issued by a web server to a browser (eg Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely "passive" (does not contain software viruses or spyware and cannot access the information on the user hard drive).

The purpose and use of cookies

Romanian government website install cookies only to help improve the functions provided, so that the experience occasioned by accessing the website to become more pleasant. Romanian Government does not use cookies to collect, to process, to broadcast or record personal data.

"Cookies" plays an important role in facilitating access and delivery of multiple services that the internet user enjoys, such as:

• Customize certain settings such as:

- The language in which a site is viewed;

- The currency for some prices or tariffs;

- Preserving options for various products (measures, other details etc.) in the shopping basket (and storing these options) - thereby generating flexibility of "shopping basket";

- Accessing old preferences by clicking the button "Next" and "Previous".

• Cookies offer feedback to websites holders on how their sites are used by site visitors for such sites to be made more efficient and accessible to users;

• Allow multimedia or other applications on other sites to be included in a particular site to create a browsing experience more valuable, more useful and more enjoyable;

• Improve the effectiveness of online advertising.

What are the advantages of cookies?

A cookie contains information linking a web-browser (user) and a specific web-server (website). If a browser accesses that web server again, this can read the information already stored and thus react accordingly. Cookies enable users an enjoyable browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to offer users comfort: ex - online privacy preferences, website language options, shopping cart or relevant advertising.
 

What is the lifetime of a cookie?

Cookies are managed by webservers. The lifetime of a cookie can vary significantly depending upon the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used only for one session (session cookies), and are not retained once the user has left the website, while other cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website ('persistent cookies'). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time via browser settings.
 

What are cookies placed by third parties?

 Certain sections of contents on some sites may be provided by third parties / suppliers (ex : News-box, a video or an advertisement). These third parties may place cookies through another website, and they are called "third party cookies" because they are not placed by the owner of the website in question. Third-party suppliers must also comply with effective law and the privacy policy of the website owner.

These cookies may originate from the following third parties: facebook.com, twitter.com, etc.

How cookies are used by website

Visiting the website may place cookies for purposes such as:

• Increase in the performance of the website;

• Analysis of visitors;

• Geotargetting;

• User registration.

Other third-party cookies

On some pages, third parties can set their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an application or to customize an application. Due to the use, the website cannot access these cookies, as third parties cannot access the cookies held by that website. For example, when the user distributes an article using the social networks found on a website, that social network will record the user activity, not the website where the button is.
 

What type of information is stored and accessed via cookies?

Cookies retain information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. Web-server will recognize the browser, until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that enhances the browsing experience on the Internet, for example:

• Setting up the language desired to access a site;

• keep a user logged into webmail account;

• online banking security;

• Keep products in the shopping cart.

Why are cookies important for Internet?

Cookies are the focus of the efficient functioning of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience and adapted to the preferences and interests of each user. Refusal or disabling cookies can make some websites impossible to use. Refusing or disabling cookies does not mean that the user will no longer receive online advertising - but it will not be able to recognize the user's interests and preferences evidenced by browsing behavior.

Examples of important uses of cookies (not requiring user authentication through an account):

• contents and services tailored to user preferences - categories of news, weather, sports, maps, government and public services, entertainment websites and tourism services;

• Proposals adapted to users' interests - withholding passwords, language preferences (ex .: display search results in Romanian)

• retention of child protection filters on Internet contents (family mode options, safe search functions)

• measurement, optimization and analytics features - such as confirmation of a certain level of traffic to a website, what type of content is viewed and how a user arrives on a website (ex. Via search engines directly, from other websites etc.). Websites owners are conducting these analyses to improve websites to the benefit of users.

Security and confidentiality issues

Cookies are not viruses! They do not use plain text formats type. There are not composed of pieces of code, so they cannot be executed, nor can run automatically. Therefore, they cannot duplicate or replicate on other networks to run or to replicate again. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses. Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. Since they stores preferences and information about users' browsing history, both on a particular site, and on other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and, consistently, mark cookies to be deleted, in procedures for removal / anti-virus scan / anti-spyware. Generally, browsers have integrated privacy settings that provide different levels of acceptance of cookies, their validity and automatically erasing after the user has visited a particular site.
 

Other security issues related to cookies

Because identity protection is very valuable and is the right of every Internet user, you should know the problems that cookies can create.

Because, whereby them, information is constantly transmitted in both directions, between browser and website, if an attacker or unauthorized person comes in during data transmission, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted. Although rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an encrypted network (ex .: an unsecured WiFi network).

Other cookie-based attacks involve incorrect settings of cookies on webservers. If a website does not request the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information via unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information for the purpose of unauthorized access of certain sites.

It is very important that users be careful in choosing the most suitable method of protection of personal information.
 

Tips for safe and responsible surfing, based on cookies

Due to their flexibility and the fact that most of the most visited websites, including the largest, use cookies, these are almost inevitable. Disabling cookies will not allow user access to the most widely used sites, including: Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Gmail, Yahoo and others.

Here are some tips that can ensure that you surf without care, but using cookies:

• Customize your browser settings, regarding cookies to reflect a comfortable level of security for your use of cookies;

• If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person who uses your computer, you can adjust timeout for long-term storage of browsing history and personal access data;

• If you divide access to the computer, you might consider adjusting your browser to delete individual browsing history whenever you close the browser. This is a way to access websites that place the cookies and to delete any visiting information, at the browsing session closing;

• Install and update your anti-spyware applications. Many applications for detection and prevention of spyware include detecting attacks on sites. This prevents the browser to access websites that may exploit browser vulnerabilities or may download dangerous software;

• Make sure that you keep your browser updated. Many of the cookies based attacks are done exploiting the weaknesses of the old versions of browsers.

Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access on the best and largest sites on the Internet - local or international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring, you may take the necessary security measures, so that you can surf the Internet with confidence.

What if you do not want cookies to be installed on your computer?

There are people for whom storage of information extracted from their computer or mobile device has a relatively invasive character, especially when that information is stored and used by third parties unknown to them. If you prefer, you can block all cookies or only some of them or even remove cookies that have been installed on your terminal. Be aware that however you risk not use some functions. To activate the lock, you must change privacy settings of your browser. Some third party operators have developed instruments whose modules enable disabling the collection and use of data. Disabling and refusal to accept cookies can make certain websites  impossible to surf, or difficult to use. Also refusing to accept cookies does not mean that the user will not receive / view online advertising. It is possible to set the browser so that cookies are no longer accepted, or you can adjust your browser to accept cookies from a particular website. But for example, if a user is not registered as participant using cookies, will not be able to leave comments. All modern browsers offer the possibility to change the settings of cookies.

These adjustments are usually in the browser menus (buttons) "Options", "Settings" or "Preferences".
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